Stargazing at January 2019


 

Moon Phases and Notable Celestial Events

Waning Crescent

  • here 1st to 3rd January
    • Moon and Venus close to each other  in morning sky
    • NASA’s New Horizon spacecraft at Ultima Thule
  • http://ezeta.com/index.php?option=com_content 3rd January
    • Moon and Jupiter close to each other in morning sky, below constellation Ophiuchus
New Moon

  • click 6th January
    • New Moon
    • Partial Solar Eclipse, 01:43 UT (not visible in UK)
    • Venus is at greatest western elongation, morning sky in constellation Libra
Waxing Crescent

  • 9th January
    • Earthshine visible on waxing crescent moon in evening sky
  • cheap mircette birth 12th January
    • Moon and Mars are close in evening skies close to horizon , at 21:31 UT
First Quarter

  • 14th January
    • Moon and Uranus close to one another evening sky between constellations of Pisces and Cetus
Waxing Gibbous
Full Moon

  • 21st January
    • Total Lunar Eclipse starts at 03:34 am, totality lasts from 04:41 to 05:43 am (visible in UK)
    • Supermoon
Waxing Gibbous

  • 22nd January
    • Venus and Jupiter close to each other in morning sky low on horizon below constellation of Ophiuchus
Last Quarter

  • 27th January
Waning Crescent

  • 31st January
    • Moon surrounded by Venus and Jupiter in morning sky

 

 

 

 

46P/Wirtanen Comet

46P/Wirtanen Comet stays whole night over horizon, over January it moves from Lynx to Ursa Major constellation. In second half of January comet starts to slow down and stays in Ursa Major, but now it decreases in brightness rapidly and at this point binoculars are required.


 

 

 

Quadrantid Showers of January


This photograph is taken by Neil Zeller

 

  • Quadrantids

    • Occurrence window: 28th December to 12th January
    • Peak window: night between 3rd – 4th January, 02:20 UT
    • Duration: few hours
    • Constellation: Boötes
    • Parent body: 2003 EH1 Asteroid
    • Approximate velocity: 41 km/s
    • Zenithal hourly rate: 60 – 200
Waning Crescent

  • Illumination: 6%
  • Position: Moonless night for the most time, Moon rises around 6am in UK

 

 

 

 

Planets

Mercury

  • Apparent magnitude: up to -0.9
  • Constellation: Sagittarius
  • Mercury very close to horizon whole month, towards the end of January planets starts to rise above it, morning sky.

Venus

  • Apparent magnitude: up to -4.6
  • Constellation: Libra
  • 1st to 3rd January
    • Moon and Venus close to each other  in morning sky
    • The rest of the month to close to the Sun to be visible
  • 6th January
    • Planet is at greatest western elongation
    • Whole January it stays low to horizon as a morning star
  • 22nd January
    • Venus and Jupiter close to each other in morning sky low on horizon below constellation of Ophiuchus
  • 31st January
    • Moon surrounded by Venus and Jupiter in morning sky

Mars

  • Apparent magnitude: up to +0.8
  • Constellation: Pisces
  • 12th January
    • Moon and Mars close to each other in early evening sky.

 

In beginning of January the planet is low over horizon in early evenings before hiding in horizons hew. Mars is gaining distance from horizon towards end of January.

Jupiter

  • Apparent magnitude: up to -1.7
  • Constellation: Scorpius
  • 3rd January
    • Moon and Jupiter close to each other in morning sky, below constellation Ophiuchus
  • 22nd January
    • Venus and Jupiter close to each other in morning sky low on horizon below constellation of Ophiuchus
  • 31st January
    • Moon surrounded by Venus and Jupiter in morning sky

 

 

At the start of month Jupiter is low in the sky as morning star. In second half of January it is a bit higher in the sky still as morning star.

Saturn

  • Apparent magnitude: up to +0.6
  • Constellation: Sagittarius

 

Hidden under horizon for most part of January. In the last days of January you might see Saturn as morning star in constellation Sagittarius with apparent magnitude of +0.6.

Uranus

  • Apparent magnitude: up to +5.8
  • Constellation: Pisces
  • 14th January
    • Moon and Uranus close to one another early evening sky between constellations of Pisces and Cetus

High in the night sky in first half of the month up to midnight (UK). Later in the sky Uranus is loosing “attitude” and gets closer to horizon. Apparent magnitude of +5.8

Neptune

  • Apparent magnitude: up to +7.9
  • Constellation: Aquarius

 

Low in the sky in beginning of January, planet is visible just in early evening before hiding below horizon. As nights passes, later in the month Neptune hides under horizon completely.

 

 


Reference list:

 

Moon Giant – Moon Phases January 2019

International Meteor Organization

Stellarium (Software)

The Astronomical Almanac (2019 – 2023) – book by Richard J. Bartlett

2019 Stargazing: Month by Month Guide to the Night Sky – book by Heather Couper & Nigel Henbest