Stargazing at March 2019


Image above is photographed by Dick Locke

 

Moon

Visible during day time from 1st March to about New Moon, and at the same time this will mean moonless nights. New Moon will take place, 6th March at around 16:05 UT. Between New Moon and First Quarter Moon day time will still be hosting Moon, but Moon will start to creep to night time with set time around 02:02 UT. First Quarter Moon will happen on 14th March 10:28 UT, in early morning. Between First Quarter and Full Moon we will see Moon later in the day to well after midnight. Full Moon will be on 21st March at 01:43 UT. After Full Moon day time will be moonless and night time will be lit by moon light.

 

Planets

Mercury starts its journey as morning star, rising around 07:30 UT on left side of the Sun. As month proceeds planet disappears from view, but moves from left side to right side of the Sun. Over a month of March Mercury will get slightly dimmer and will be getting further away from the Sun, but at the same time closer to Earth.

Venus will be morning star in March. First half of the month Venus appears bright with magnitude of -4.1 right side of the Sun. Later in the month planet starts to hide in morning twilight. As from our point of view Venus stays on right side of Sun, planets will move further away from Earth in its orbit around Sun.

Mars will have apparent magnitude of around +1.3 over March, rising around 8:00 am and hiding in day light before setting down just before midnight. As Mars orbits Sun in its orbit planet is getting slightly further away from Sun, and at the same time further away from Earth in our orbits.

Jupiter holds its place relatively similar throughout March, rising just after 2:00 am and setting around 10:00 am in constellation Ophiuchus. Orbiting Sun Jupiter stays quite at the similar distance from our star, but relative to us the distance is decreasing a bit allowing to see the planet in the same way over month.

Saturn is a morning sight this month, rising just around 4:00 am and setting below horizon at around noon. This will mean that the planet will be elusive in morning skies. Similarly as Jupiter, Saturn will stay relatively similar in March, planets wast distance from Sun means ring world will not have enough time to in its orbit a lot.

Uranus should stay in visibility range of decently size binoculars, with apparent magnitude of +5.8 throughout the month. Planet will be rising after 7:00 am and should be visible well into the night, setting at around 9:00 pm.

Neptune likely to be illusive to binoculars with its magnitude of +7.96.

If you want to read a bit more about any specific planets there is a table of specific days of interest in this month further down the page.

 

Meteor Showers

This month will not host any of major meteor showers.

 

Moon Phases

Waning Crescent

  • 1st March: rises at 04:43 UT, and sets at 12:26 UT
  • 4th March: rises at 06:25 UT, and sets at 15:18 UT
New Moon

  • source site 6th Mach: New Moon, 16:05 UT. Not visible because Sun is to close to the Moon.
    • Rises: 07:09 UT
    • Sets: 17:22 UT
    • Distance: 403 476 km
    • Moon age: 29.5 days old
Waxing Crescent

  • 7th March: rises at 07:28 UT, and sets at 18:34 UT
  • gabapentin 300 mg for dogs side effects 9th March: Earthshine on waxing crescent Moon, in evening sky.
    • Rises at 08:24 UT, and sets at 21:51 UT
  • 13th March: rises at 09:45 UT, and sets at 01:17 UT
First Quarter

  • follow site 14th March: First quarter Moon, 10:28 UT. Visible whole day
    • Rises: 10:17 UT
    • Sets: 02:02 UT
    • Distance: 377 612 km
    • Moon age: 7.4 days old
Waxing Gibbous

  • 16th March: rises at 12:23 UT, and sets at 04:16 UT
  • 20th March: Spring equinox, 21:59 UT
    • Rises at 17:38 UT, and sets at 06:30 UT
Full Moon

  • 21st March: Full Moon, 01:43 UT. Visible throughout all night
    • Rises: 17:56 UT
    • Sets: 06:32 UT
    • Distance: 356 841 km
    • Moon age: 14.8 days old
Waxing Gibbous

  • 24th March: rises at 22:49 UT, and sets at 08:03 UT
  • 26th March: rises at 01:05 UT, and sets at 09:06 UT
Last Quarter

  • 28th March: Last Quarter Moon, 04:10 UT. Visible in early morning sky.
    • Rises: 02:25 UT
    • Sets: 09:59 UT
    • Distance: 396 012 km
    • Moon age: 22.2 days old
Waning Crescent

  • 31st March: rises at 05:33 UT, and sets at 14:19 UT

 

 

Planets

Mercury

  • Apparent magnitude:
    • -0.1 morning sky (1st March)
    • +5.5 morning sky (15th March)
    • +0.9 morning sky (31st March)
  • Constellation: from Pisces to Aquarius
  • Rises over horizon:
    • 07:00 UT (1st March)
    • 06:00 UT (15th March)
    • 06:03 UT (31st March)
  • Sets below horizon:
    • 19:24 UT (1st March)
    • 18:06 (15th March)
    • 17:11 UT (31st March)
  • Distance from the Sun:
    • 0.31 AU 1st March (46.73 million km)
    • 0.45 AU 31st March (67.89 million km)
  • Distance from Earth:
    • 0.86 AU 1st March (129.79 million km)
    • 0.71 AU 31st March (106.75 million km)

 

  • 5th March: is stationary before starting retrograde motion
  • 15th March: in inferior conjunction with Sun.
  • 27th March: is stationary before prograde motion.

Venus

  • Apparent magnitude:
    • -4.10, morning sky (1st March)
    • -4.02, morning sky (15th March)
    • -3.9, morning sky (31st March)
  • Constellation: from Capricornus to Aquarius
  • Rises over horizon:
    • 05:16 UT (1st March)
    • 05:09 UT (15th March)
    • 05:49 UT (31st March)
  • Sets below horizon:
    • 13:47 UT (1st March)
    • 14:22 (15th March)
    • 16:07 UT (31st March)
  • Distance from the Sun:
    • 0.72 AU 1st March (108.38 million km)
    • 0.72 AU 31st March (108.84 million km)
  • Distance from Earth:
    • 1.07 AU 1st March (160.30 million km)
    • 1.26 AU 31st March (189.80 million km)

 

  • 2nd March: Venus is on left side of the waning crescent Moon, early morning sky.

Mars

  • Apparent magnitude:
    • +1.19 (1st March)
    • +1.31 (15th March)
    • +1.44 morning sky (31st March)
  • Constellation: from Aries to Taurus
  • Rises over horizon:
    • 08:31 UT (1st March)
    •  07:50 UT (15th March)
    • 08:12 UT (31st March)
  • Sets below horizon:
    • 23:26 UT (1st March)
    • 23:27 UT (15th March)
    • 00:26 UT (31st March)
  • Distance from the Sun:
    • 1.52 AU 1st March (228.77 million km)
    • 1.56 AU 31st March (234.40 million km)
  • Distance from Earth:
    • 1.77 AU 1st March (264.76 million km)
    • 2.01 AU 31st March (301.35 million km)

 

  • 11th March: right side of waxing crescent Moon, evening sky.
  • 31st March: left side of Pleiades cluster, evening sky.

Jupiter

  • Apparent magnitude:
    • -2.03, visible just in early morning sky (1st March)
    • -2.13 visible in early morning sky (15th March)
    • -2.4 visible late night sky (31st March)
  • Constellation: Ophiuchus
  • Rises over horizon:
    • 02:57 UT (1st March)
    • 02:09 UT (15th March)
    • 02:10 UT (31st March)
  • Sets below horizon:
    • 10:45 UT (1st March)
    • 09:55 UT (15th March)
    • 09:56 UT (31st March)
  • Distance from the Sun:
    • 5.33 AU 1st March (797.67 million km)
    • 5.32 AU 31st March (796.27 million km)
  • Distance from Earth:
    • 5.44 AU 1st March (814.30 million km)
    • 4.96 AU 31st March (742.33 million km)

 

  • 27th March: close to almost last quarter Moon in early morning sky. Rises over horizon at 01:30 UT

Saturn

  • Apparent magnitude:
    • +0.61 early morning sky (1st March)
    • +0.60 early morning sky (15th March)
    • +0.57 night sky (31st March)
  • Constellation: Sagittarius
  • Rises over horizon:
    • 04:44 UT (1st March)
    • 03:52 UT (15th March)
    • 03:52 UT (31st March)
  • Sets below horizon:
    • 12:42 UT (1st March)
    • 11:52 UT (15th March)
    • 11:54 UT (31st March)
  • Distance from the Sun:
    • 10.05 AU 1st March (1 504.58 million km)
    • 10.05 AU 31st March (1 504.34 million km)
  • Distance from Earth:
    • 10.62 AU 1st March (1 590.10 million km)
    • 10.17 AU 31st March (1 522.24 million km)

 

  • 29th March: close to just-past last quarter Moon, visible in early morning sky. Rises over horizon 03:30 UT, Saturn starts on left side of Moon and moves over the top of the Moon as hours passes before hiding in the morning dusk.

Uranus

  • Apparent magnitude:
    • +5.86 (1st March)
    • +5.88 (15th March)
    • +5.89 (31st March)
  • Constellation: Pisces
  • Rises over horizon:
    • 08:14 UT (1st March)
    • 07:20 UT (15th March)
    • 07:19 UT (31st March)
  • Sets below horizon:
    • 22:21 UT (1st March)
    • 21:30 UT (15th March)
    • 21:32 UT (31st March)
  • Distance from the Sun:
    • 19.85 AU 1st March (2 970.30 million km)
    • 19.85 AU 31st March (2 969.77 million km)
  • Distance from Earth:
    • 20.48 AU 1st March (3 064.75 million km)
    • 20.78 AU 31st March (3 108.79 million km)

 

  • 10th March: right side of waxing crescent Moon, evening sky.

Neptune

  • Apparent magnitude:
    • +7.96 (1st March)
    • +7.96 (15th March)
    • +7.96 (31st March)
  • Constellation: Aquarius
  • Rises over horizon:
    • 07:09 UT (1st March)
    • 06:14 UT (15th March)
    • 06:13 UT (31st March)
  • Sets below horizon:
    • 18:03 UT (1st March)
    • 17:11 UT (15th March)
    • 17:12 UT (31st March)
  • Distance from the Sun:
    • 29.93 AU 1st March (4 478.60 million km)
    • 29.93 AU 31st March (4 479.53 million km)
  • Distance from Earth:
    • 30.92 AU 1st March (4 626.08 million km)
    • 30.85 AU 31st March (4 615.53 million km)

 

  • 7th March: 11:08 UT, is in conjunction with Sun, because of this invisible in noon sky.

 

 

 


Reference list:

Moon Giant – Moon Phases March 2019

International Meteor Organization

Stellarium (Software)

The Astronomical Almanac (2019 – 2023) – book by Richard J. Bartlett

2019 Stargazing: Month by Month Guide to the Night Sky – book by Heather Couper & Nigel Henbest