Saturn

One of the furthest images of Earth, Showing Saturn and its rings and Earth is tiny speck on right side of gas giant below beautiful ring system

  • Equatorial radius: 60 268 ± 4.0 km (9.449 2 Earths)
  • Polar radius: 54 364 ± 10.0 km (8.552 1 Earths)
  • Mass: 5.6836 x 1026 kg (95.159 Earths)
  • Volume: 8.2713 x 1014 km3 (763.59 Earths)
  • Surface area: 4.27 x 1010 km2 (83.703 Earths)
  • Surface temperature: 134 K or -139°C
  • Surface gravity: 10.44 m/s2 (1.065 G)
  • Moons: 62
  • Orbital distance: 9.024 AU – 10.086 AU
  • Orbital period: 29.457 1 years
  • Axial period: 10 hours 42 minutes
  • Average orbital speed: 9.69 km/s
  • Escape velocity: 35.5 km/s
  • First recorded: 1610 by Galileo Galilei

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Infrared Hotspots in Saturn\'s Monster Storm
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Approaching Saturn
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Saturn\'s Northern Aurora in Motion
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ImageNameDiameter in kmPositionDiscovered
S/2009 S 1~0.3outer B Ring2009 by Cassini Imaging Science Team
(moonlets)Three 100 km bands within A Ring
Pan34.4 x 31.4 x 20.8Encke Division6 March 2005 by Cassini Imaging Science Team
Daphnis8.6 x 8.2 x 6.4Keeler Gap6 March 2005 by Cassini Imaging Science Team
Atlas40.8 x 35.4 x 18.8outer A ring shepherdOctober 1980 by Richard J. Terrile (Voyager 1)
Prometheus135.6 x 79.4 x 59.4inner F Ring shepherdOctober 1980 by Stewart A. Collins (Voyager 1)
Pandora104 x 81 x 64outer F Ring shepherdOctober 1980 by Stewart A. Collins (Voyager 1)
Epimetheus129.8 x 114 x 106.2Co-orbital with Janus18 December 1966 by Richard Walker
Janus203 x 185 x 152.6Co-orbital with Epimetheus15 December 1966 by Audouin Dolfus
Aegaeon(1.40 ± 0.10) x (0.50 ± 0.12) x (0.40 ± 0.16)G Ring moonlet3 March 2009 by Cassini Imaging Science Team
Mimas415.6 x 393.4 x 381.217 September 1789 by William Herschel
Methone(3.88 ± 0.04) x (2.58 ± 0.08) x (2.42 ± 0.04)Alkyonides1 June 2004 by Cassini Imaging Science Team
Anthe~2Alkyonides30 May 2007 by Cassini Imaging Science Team
Pallene5.76 x 4.16 x 3.68 ± 0.14Alkyonides1 June 2004 by Cassini Imaging Science Team
Enceladus513.2 x 502.8 x 496.6Generates the E Ring28 August 1789 by William Herschel
Tethys1 076.8 x 1 057.4 x 1 052.621 March 1684 by Giovanni D. Cassini
Telesto32.6 x 23.6 x 20.0leading Tethys trojan8 April 1980 by Bradford A. Smith, Harold Reitsema,
Stephen M. Larson and John W. Fountain
Calypso30.2 x 23 x 14trailing Tethys trojan13 March 1980 by Dan Pascu, P. Kenneth Seidelmann,
William A. Baum and Dauglas G. Currie
Dione1 128.8 x 1 122.6 x 1 119.221 March 1684 by Giovanni D. Cassini
Helene43.4 x 38.2 x 26leading Dione trojan1 March 1980 by Pierre Laques and Jean Lecacheux
Polydeuces3 x 2.5 x 2trailing Dione trojan24 October 2004 by Cassini Imaging Science Team
Rhea1 532.4 x 1 525.6 x 1 524.423 December 1672 by Giovanni D. Cassini
Titan5 151 ± 2.025 March 1655 by Christiaan Huygens
Hyperion360.2 x 266 x 205.4in 4:3 resonance with Titan16 September 1848 by William C. Bond, George P. Bond
and William Lassell
Iapetus1 492 x 1 492 x 1 42425 October 1671 by Giovanni D. Cassini
Kiviuq~16Inuit group2000 by Brett J. Gladman
Ijiraq~12Inuit group2000 by John J. Kavelaars and Brett J. Gladman
Phoebe(218.8 ± 2.8) x (217.0 ± 1.2) x (203.6 ± 0.6)Norse group17 March 1899 by William H. Pickering
Paaliaq~22Inuit groupOctober 2000 by Brett J. Gladman
Skathi~8Norse (Skathi) group2000 by Brett J. Gladman
Albiorix~32Gallic group2000 by Matthew J. Holman
S/2007 S 2~6Norse group1 May 2007 by Scott S. Sheppard
Bebhionn~6Gallic group4 May 2005 by Scott S. Sheppard
Erriapus~10Gallic group2000 by Brett J. Gladman
Skoll~6Norse (Skathi) group26 June 2006 by Scott S. Sheppard
Siarnaq~40Inuit group2000 by Brett J. Gladman
Tarqeq~7Inuit group13 April 2007 by Scott S. Sheppard
S/2004 S 13~6Norse group12 December 2005 by Scott S. Sheppard
Greip~6Norse group26 June 2006 by Scott S. Sheppard
Hyrrokkin~8Norse (Skathi) group26 June 2006 by Scott S. Sheppard
Jarnsaxa~6Norse group26 June 2006 by Scott S. Sheppard
Tarvos~15Gallic group23 September 2000 by Brett J. Gladman
Mundilfari~7Norse group2000 by Brett J. Gladman
S/2006 S 1~6Norse (Skathi) group26 June 2006 by Scott S. Sheppard
S/2004 S 17~4Norse group4 May 2005 by Scott S. Sheppard
Bergelmir~6Norse (Skathi) group4 May 2005 by Scott S. Sheppard
Narvi~7Norse (Narvi) group2003 by Scott S. Sheppard
Suttungr~7Norse group2000 by Brett J. Gladman
Hati~6Norse group4 May 2005 by Scott S. Sheppard
S/2004 S 12~5Norse group4 May 2005 by Scott S. Sheppard
Farbauti~5Norse (Skathi) group4 May 2005 by Scott S. Sheppard
Thrymr~7Norse group2000 by Brett J. Gladman
Aegir~6Norse group4 May 2005 by Scott S. Sheppard
S/2007 S 3~5Norse group1 May 2007 by Scott S. Sheppard
Bestla~7Norse (Narvi) group4 May 2005 by Scott S. Sheppard
S/2004 S 7~6Norse group4 May 2005 by Scott S. Sheppard
S/2006 S 3~6Norse (Skathi) group26 June 2006 by Scott S. Sheppard
Fenrir~4Norse group4 May 2005 by Scott S. Sheppard
Surtur~6Norse group26 June 2006 by Scott S. Sheppard
Kari~7Norse (Skathi) group26 June 2006 by Scott S. Sheppard
Ymir~18Norse group2000 by Brett J. Gladman
Loge~6Norse group26 June 2006 by Scott S. Sheppard
Fornjot~6Norse group4 May 2005 by Scott S. Sheppard


Reference list:

NASA

Wikipedia